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Library Entry
2016 Ready and Underway: The Owner’s Case for Commissioning

By Michael Plottel, AIA The complexity of modern buildings often leaves owners figuratively at sea. “Did we really get everything we paid for?” and “How do we operate this thing?” are two questions that often linger long after the ribbon cutting. The answers “Yes, we did” and “Yes, we can” start...

Ready and underway The owner's case for commissioning.pdf


Library Entry
2016 Beware of substitutions dressed in RFI or submittal clothing

By Bill Schmalz, FAIA, and Yu-Ngok Lo, AIA Most architects know that a substitution, an RFI, and a submittal are distinct things, each with its own relationship to the owner-contractor agreement. Neither RFIs nor submittals should be used to change the design intent. Substitutions can, when...

Beware of substitutions dressed in RFI or submittal clothing_2017 edits.pdf