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In By-Right/By-Design, Liz Falletta of USC presents a qualitative analysis of significant Los Angeles multi-family housing design projects and their associated development types. A side-by-side graphic comparison of these works—common, basic types developed in large numbers over time by builders and landlord interests, versus an example of high design by a noted architect—tells a visual story of the complicated interactions between design, development and planning, highlighting how negotiations among these disciplines have shaped residential life in Los Angeles.
Three comparisons will be presented: the Mackey Apartments built in 1939 by Rudolph Schindler with a Four Flat, primarily developed during the teens and twenties, the National Apartments built in 1954 by Ray Kappe with a Dingbat, primarily developed during the fifties and sixties, and the Harold Way Apartments built in 2003 by Koning Eizenberg with a Podium Apartment, which began development in the eighties and is ongoing.
The study identifies a “typology of trade-offs” that categorizes the consequences of disciplinary approaches to important housing design decisions, including density, unit mix, unit aggregation, access, parking and relationships between indoor and outdoor space.
This presentation is a part of the ongoing Housing Knowledge Community research webinar series. View the complete series archive.
- Describe the disciplinary perspectives that characterize the professions involved in housing development. The, at times conflicting, values of architecture, urban planning and real estate development will be presented via a review of housing projects each discipline considers to be exemplary.
- Explain how designers build upon and improve accepted housing development strategies. Comparative diagrams of Los Angeles housing precedents and their related development types will visualize disciplinary approaches to important housing design decisions including density, unit mix, unit aggregation, access, parking and relationships between indoor and outdoor space, highlighting the marginal differences between disciplinary values.
- List basic rules-of-thumb that practitioners can use to make more informed decisions about the disciplinary trade-offs inherent in the design of multi-family housing. The “Typology of Trade Offs” identified by the research study will be explained via analysis of a new housing project in Los Angeles.
- Discuss how housing design can address the values and interests of all the disciplines involved in housing production. Application of the rules of thumb identified in the study will be used to guide the question and answer session at the end of the lecture.
Liz Falletta teaches architectural and urban design at the Price School of Public Policy and the School of Architecture at the University of Southern California. She is an Assistant Professor (Teaching) with fifteen years of experience teaching design across disciplines at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. She has served as an invited design critic at UCLA, Cal-Poly Pomona, Otis College of Art and Design, Woodbury University, University of Texas at Austin, Penn State University, and Iowa State University, as well at the Technion in Israel. In addition to teaching full time, Ms. Falletta manages a real estate development firm providing middle market housing and entitlements consulting services. She is a licensed architect in the State of California.
Liz suggests the target audience for the presentation includes:
- Housing design practitioners interested in learning to speak the language of the other professions involved in housing development in order to expand effectiveness.
- Practitioners with less experience in housing design who are interested in making multi-family housing a part of their practice.
- Practitioners with an interest in urban development in general and Los Angeles urban development in particular.
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