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A similar law was floated in the Arizona legislature last year (HB 2529 https://www.azleg.gov/legtext/54leg/1R/bills/hb2529p.pdf) but was held and stopped by one law maker (https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/legislature/2019/03/06/rep-anthony-kern-blocks-bill-expand-diaper-changing-tables-arizona/3062019002/) for typical Arizona reason (State government shouldn't tell businesses what to do- unless it's something that the State legislature wants them to do....).As a public owner, and personally as an architect, I had no objection to the bill. As architects, what is our role? It's, as your legislature suggests, experts in the impact of the proposal on construction. But just as important, we are advocates for the users of the facilities. We've already supported regular changing tables for infants. Most of the larger changing tables will have to occur in single occupancy/family/unisex restrooms because health aids and family members often are a different sex than the child or adult needing care. We provide a family/unisex restroom in all of our facilities because it's the right thing to do and really needed to properly serve our entire user community with dignity. With the wheel chair access in these restrooms, we're really not having to make the room much bigger, if at all, to accommodate the larger changing table. The difference in cost between the infant changing table and larger one for an adult or older child is only hundreds of dollars, not really anything in the scope or scale of large(r) public facilities.The bill that you reference is so similar to ours that I would guess it's typical of a lot of legislation today: written and promoted by a single national organization, then floated separately in each state. Your state seems to have a reasonable approach so far: place the very small burden on the projects and owners that can afford it and serve significant sizes of users.
Arizona has passed legislation:
State of Arizona
House of Representatives
First Regular Session
HOUSE BILL 2113
AMENDING TITLE 41, CHAPTER 9, ARTICLE 3, ARIZONA REVISED STATUTES, BY ADDING SECTION 41-1444; RELATING TO PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS.
(TEXT OF BILL BEGINS ON NEXT PAGE)
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Arizona:
Section 1. Title 41, chapter 9, article 3, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by adding section 41-1444, to read:
41-1444. Changing stations; public buildings; definitions
A. A PUBLIC ENTITY THAT CONSTRUCTS A NEW RESTROOM THAT IS ACCESSIBLE TO THE PUBLIC IN A PUBLIC BUILDING OR THAT TOTALLY RENOVATES AN EXISTING RESTROOM THAT IS ACCESSIBLE TO BOTH MEN AND WOMEN AND TO THE PUBLIC IN A PUBLIC BUILDING SHALL:
1. INCLUDE IN AT LEAST ONE RESTROOM IN EACH BUILDING AT LEAST ONE CHANGING STATION THAT IS CAPABLE OF SERVING BOTH A BABY AND AN ADULT AND THAT IS ACCESSIBLE TO BOTH MEN AND WOMEN.
2. PROVIDE SIGNAGE AT OR NEAR THE ENTRANCE TO THE CHANGING STATION INDICATING THE LOCATION OF THE CHANGING STATION.
3. INDICATE THE LOCATION OF THE CHANGING STATION IN THE CENTRAL BUILDING DIRECTORY, IF SUCH A DIRECTORY EXISTS.
B. THE RESPONSIBLE AUTHORITY MAY GRANT AN EXEMPTION FROM THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION IF THE RESPONSIBLE AUTHORITY DETERMINES THAT:
1. ANY OF THE FOLLOWING WOULD APPLY TO THE INSTALLATION OF A CHANGING STATION THAT IS CAPABLE OF SERVING BOTH A BABY AND AN ADULT:
(a) THE INSTALLATION WOULD NOT BE FEASIBLE.
(b) THE INSTALLATION WOULD RESULT IN A FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT STANDARDS FOR ACCESS FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES.
(c) THE INSTALLATION WOULD THREATEN OR DESTROY THE HISTORIC SIGNIFICANCE OF A HISTORIC PROPERTY.
2. THE PUBLIC BUILDING IS NOT FREQUENTED BY THE PUBLIC.
C. THE INSTALLATION OF A CHANGING STATION UNDER THIS SECTION MUST PROVIDE SUFFICIENT CLEAR FLOOR SPACE TO COMPLY WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE 2010 AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT STANDARDS FOR ACCESSIBLE DESIGN.
D. THIS SECTION DOES NOT ESTABLISH A PRIVATE RIGHT OF ACTION.
E. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION:
1. "PUBLIC BUILDING" MEANS A BUILDING OR APPURTENANCE TO A BUILDING THAT IS BUILT IN WHOLE OR IN PART WITH PUBLIC MONIES.
2. "PUBLIC ENTITY" MEANS ANY:
(a) STATE OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT.
(b) DEPARTMENT, AGENCY, SPECIAL PURPOSE DISTRICT OR OTHER INSTRUMENTALITY OF A STATE OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT, INCLUDING THE LEGISLATURE.
3. "RESPONSIBLE AUTHORITY" MEANS AN ORGANIZATION, OFFICE OR INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBLE FOR ENFORCING THE REQUIREMENTS OF A CODE OR STANDARD OR FOR APPROVING EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, AN INSTALLATION OR A PROCEDURE.
4. "TOTALLY RENOVATES" MEANS TO PERFORM CONSTRUCTION THAT IS AT LEAST $50,000 AND THAT TOTALLY REMOVES ALL NONSTRUCTURAL INTERIOR WALLS, FLOOR AND CEILING FINISHES, MECHANICAL SYSTEMS, ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS AND PLUMBING FIXTURES AND SUPPLY AND WASTE LINES.
5. "2010 AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT STANDARDS FOR ACCESSIBLE DESIGN" MEANS THE 2010 STANDARDS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT FACILITIES PRESCRIBED IN 28 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 35.151 AND 36 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS PART 1191, APPENDICES B AND D.
Sec. 2. Applicability
Section 41-1444, Arizona Revised Statutes, as added by this act, applies to construction and renovation projects in which the design has been approved on and after January 1, 2020.
Commercial place of public amusement. An auditorium, convention center, cultural complex, exhibition hall, permanent amusement park, sports arena, theater or movie house for which the maximum occupancy is 2,500 or more for the facility. Cultural complexes include but are not limited to art galleries, symphony, concert halls, and museums. A commercial place of public amusement does not include any public or private higher education facility or district agricultural associations.