Richard Meier, the celebrated architect and Pritzker Prize winner who designed the Getty Center in Los Angeles, established a graduate scholarship in January at his alma mater, Cornell University's architecture school. Intended to honor the 55th anniversary of his practice, the scholarship was designed to "recruit and retain the most talented women applicants."
But four women who have worked for Mr. Meier - and another who met him when he was working on the Getty - have described encounters when the architect, now 83, was, in fact, not good to women.
Two of the women have described incidents over the past 10 years in which they were sent to Mr. Meier's New York apartment, where he exposed himself, according to interviews with one of the women and several former employees of the firm.
[Sotheby's has closed an exhibition of Richard Meier's work.]
A fifth woman, who did not work for the firm, described an incident with Mr. Meier in Los Angeles in the 1980s, when she said she had to flee his home after he forcefully pulled her onto a bed.
Confronted by The New York Times with these allegations, Mr. Meier said he would take a six-month leave as founder and managing partner of his firm and issued this statement: "I am deeply troubled and embarrassed by the accounts of several women who were offended by my words and actions. While our recollections may differ, I sincerely apologize to anyone who was offended by my behavior."
She declined, left the apartment and said nothing because, she said, she was too intimidated and worried about holding her job.
"The incident felt shameful and embarrassing, even though I knew I hadn't done anything wrong," she said in an interview. "I was worried about my co-workers and what would happen to their reputations if Mr. Meier's behavior was exposed. Speaking up didn't feel like an option."
But she ultimately did reveal her experience to management, she said, after she was later laid off in what the company described to her as a downsizing.
Management also heard from Alexis Zamlich, a 22-year-old communications assistant, who reported that Mr. Meier exposed himself during her visit to his apartment that same year. Ms. Zamlich is said to have received a $150,000 legal settlement that required the firm to hold sexual harassment training.
Ms. Zamlich is barred by a confidentiality agreement from discussing the circumstances of her departure, but two people familiar with her complaint and the company's response - including the former chief operating officer - described the outlines of the settlement.
According to her account, after several weeks, Mr. Meier pulled down his pants in front of Ms. Zamlich, who quickly departed. The next day, she met with a few other women at the firm, reported what had happened and then told the partners.
Scott Johnson, who served as chief operating officer at the firm between 2003 and 2010, confirmed that he dealt with Ms. Zamlich's and Ms. Elbogen's complaints. "We did everything we could to look into the claims and set up a strong sexual harassment policy and training," Mr. Johnson said, "which everyone, including Richard, participated in."
Richard Meier & Partners is considered one of the world's leading architecture firms, with prominent projects like the High Museum of Art in Atlanta and the Jubilee Church in Rome. Mr. Meier founded the firm in 1963, and in 1984 he became the youngest recipient of the Pritzker, architecture's highest honor.
"In his search for clarity," the Pritzker jury said in its citation, "and his experiments in balancing light, forms, and space, he has created works that are personal, vigorous, original."
In Mr. Meier's absence, the firm said Tuesday that four associate partners would manage day-to-day operations of the New York headquarters: Vivian Lee, Reynolds Logan, Bernhard Karpf and Dukho Yeon. Michael Palladino, a partner and head of the company's Los Angeles office, will oversee all of the firm's operations and projects.
Upon hearing of the report by The Times, Kent Kleinman, dean of Cornell's College of Architecture, Art, and Planning, said in a statement that Mr. Meier's behavior was "unacceptable" and that Cornell would "decline his new gift to name the chair of the Department of Architecture." The statement went on to say that the school would "explore what additional actions are appropriate" regarding previous scholarships and gifts.
Mr. Meier was long known to have been flirtatious, but the women's accounts paint a darker picture of a man who harassed women even as he signed on to popular feminist causes, like a petition to honor a woman, Denise Scott Brown, who many think was unfairly denied a share of the Pritzker won by her husband, Robert Venturi.
"He was always chasing women, and nothing stopped him," said Lisetta Koe, a former communications manager for the firm. "He made an attempt to come on to me, and I turned him down."
Having followed this advice, Ms. Lee said, she kept the letter until a few years ago. "I felt resigned to put this away and forget about it forever," she said.
What Ms. Lee said she detailed in writing was arriving at the architect's apartment to find him wearing only a blue terry cloth bathrobe that was open in front, exposing his penis.
"I was petrified when I saw that," Ms. Lee recalled. "I tried to channel my panic by focusing on the work, but over the course of the day he made several inappropriate suggestions of which a colleague had warned me - that I try taking a sauna in his bathroom, asking if I liked saunas."
She deflected and the next day told her supervisor that she no longer wanted to work alone with Mr. Meier at his home. She said her supervisor did not ask for any more details.
The supervisor told The Times that she did not recall the incident. Ms. Lee said she thought about leaving but had made friends and enjoyed the work. "It was my first job out of college," she said, "and I wanted to follow through and see where it would lead me. I felt that it would have been extremely unfair if I were to leave because of his bad behavior."
Then at the office holiday party about two months later, she said, while guiding Ms. Monk over to meet two prominent architects Mr. Meier moved his hand from the small of her back down to her behind, where he played with her thong underwear through her dress.
"He started to roll my underwear around in his fingers," Ms. Monk recalled. "One of the more senior members saw it happen and asked if I was O.K."
Carol Vena-Mondt, a furniture designer who did not work for the architecture firm, said that she had an upsetting experience with Mr. Meier in the 1980s in Los Angeles, where he was designing the Getty Center, which is currently celebrating its 20th anniversary with events like last Saturday's Family Festival ("make a crown inspired by Richard Meier's design").
Mr. Meier invited Ms. Vena-Mondt to a dinner party at his residence, she said, but she turned out to be the only guest. After dessert, Ms. Vena-Mondt said that Mr. Meier forcefully tried to kiss her, and she went to leave. "He grabbed me from the back with both of his arms - and he's a big man - and started pulling me backward," Ms. Vena-Mondt said. "I twisted and pulled away from him, and he grabbed one of my arms and started dragging me down the hallway toward the bedroom. I was digging in my heels trying to lean back.
"He pushes me on the bed and lays down on top of me while I'm twisting and pushing him away and saying, 'No, no, no,'" she continued. "I'd never had anything like this happen. I was pretty aggressive about telling him no, but he wasn't listening."
She didn't report the incident, she said, because she felt afraid. "I didn't want to offend him," Ms. Vena-Mondt, now 70, said. "That's the era I was raised in."
In 2004, she finally told her friend Jim Isermann after they visited Mr. Meier's Atheneum in New Harmony, Ind., on one of their architectural road trips.
The steps forward as described in the communication of June 11th from AIA and COF leadership, Carl Elefante FAIA and Raymond G. Post, Jr. FAIA, are excellent as the AIA and College of Fellows move into the future.
However, the earnest COF website discussion among Fellows following the recent revelations of the behavior of Richard Meier FAIA suggests that while planning for the future is appropriate, much of the membership feels that the past sexual harassment and discrimination in the workplace by members of the profession are more than simply an embarrassment to the Institute. If our profession expects to maintain a high level of respect among membership as well as with the public, ignoring this behavior by a member, no matter how august that member may be, is unacceptable. Indeed, the prominence of members who have committed such behavior makes it all the more incumbent upon the AIA and College of Fellows to publicly deal with such behavior.
While it may be argued that the AIA had no statements in our by-laws against such behavior and therefore cannot take remedial action, such arguments are specious at best. Such behavior never was, nor ever will be, acceptable. Disciplinary steps must be taken.
William H. Kreager, FAIA