Authors: Paul B. Paulus and Mary T. Dzindolet
Year of Publication: 1993
Country of Study: USA
The goal of the study was to address the limitations of previous studies on the Two-Component Model of inmates’ reaction to prison confinement, and present the analysis of the impact of confinement on both male and female inmates in a federal co-correctional facility. The Two-Component Model proposes that the effects of prison confinement differ in response to two different types of prison conditions: (1) those that remain constant, and (2) those that vary over time. Violence, loss of freedom, limited facilities and competition for limited resources, among others, represent some of the constant conditions. Gradual increase in familiarity with procedures, norms and staff, among others, represent the changing conditions. Based on findings of previous studies, the authors hypothesized that:
1) Reactions to the prison environment would not change or become more negative over time.
2) Health and emotional outcomes would improve over time.
3) Self-reported social support within and outside the prison would decrease over time, and
4) No change would occur over time in coping behavior and tolerance for prison conditions.